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# Measures of Location

• ### Poem: Statistic Acrostic

Statistic Acrostic is a poem by statistics educator Lawrence Mark Lesser and biostatistician Dennis K. Pearl that covers several statistical concepts using only 26 words (one starting with each letter of the alphabet).

• ### **Simulating Confidence Intervals

This applet generates confidence intervals for means or proportions. The options for confidence intervals for means include "z with sigma," "z with s," or "t." The options for confidence intervals for proportions are "Wald," "Adjusted Wald," or "Score." Users set the population parameters, sample size, number of intervals, and confidence level. Click "Sample," and the applet will graph the intervals. Intervals shown in green contain the true population mean or proportion, while intervals in red do not. The true mean or proportion is shown by a blue line. The applet displays the proportion of intervals containing the population parameter for each sample and a running total of all the samples. Users can also click on a particular interval to display the numerical interval or sort the displayed confidence intervals from smallest to largest. This applet is part of a collection designed to accompany the textbook "Investigating Statistical Concepts, Applications, and Methods" (ISCAM) and is used in Exploration 4.3 on page 327, Investigation 4.3.6 on page 331, and Exploration 4.4 on page 350. This applet also supplements "Workshop Statistics: Discovery with Data," 2nd edition, Activity 19-5 on page 403. Additional materials written for use with these applets can be found at http://www.mathspace.com/NSF_ProbStat/Teaching_Materials/rowell/final/16_cireview_bc322_2.doc and http://www.mathspace.com/NSF_ProbStat/Teaching_Materials/rowell/final/15_sampdistreview_bc322_1.doc.
• ### Primer on Probability, Odds and Interpreting their Ratios

This lecture example discusses calculating chance with probabilities (a ratio of occurrence to the whole) or odds (a ratio of occurrence to nonoccurrence). It presents a clinical example of measuring the chance of initiating breastfeeding among 1000 new mothers. Tables are provided in pdf format.
• ### Cartoon: The Average Student

A cartoon to teach how it is important to look at variation, not just averages. Cartoon by John Landers (www.landers.co.uk) based on an idea from Dennis Pearl (The Ohio State University). Free to use in the classroom and on course web sites.
• ### Cartoon: Driving Dangers

A cartoon to teach about interpreting observational studies. Cartoon by John Landers (www.landers.co.uk) based on an idea from Dennis Pearl (The Ohio State University). Free to use in the classroom and on course web sites.
• ### The Sign Test

This tutorial explains the theory and use of the Sign Test and demonstrates it with an example on intervention methods. Data is given as well as SPSS and Minitab code.
• ### Descriptive Statistics, Measures of Central Tendency, and Dispersion

This tutorial describes various measures of central tendency, their theory and use, and demonstrates them with an example on final exam scores. Data is given as well as SPSS and Minitab code. Key Words: Mean; Median; Mode; Variance; Standard Deviation.
• ### Introduction to Descriptive Statistics

This tutorial introduces mean, median, mode, variance, and standard deviation using sports statistics from the Internet and class-generated statistics. Students should understand stem-and-leaf plots before using this tutorial. This material is intended for class use. Excel spreadsheets with sample data are also available for download. The relation links to a letter for teachers.
• ### Glossary of Statistical Terms

This glossary defines and explains statistical terms for introductory students. The glossary can be shown in alphabetical order or in suggested learning order. Click on the topic of interest to see the definition. Use the arrows at the bottom to proceed to the next topic or click the blue dot to return to the contents page.
• ### CAST: Computer Assisted Statistics Teaching

CAST contains three complete introductory statistics courses, one advanced statistical methods course, and additional modules. Each introductory course presents the same topics, but with different applications. The first is a general version, the second is a biometric version with examples relating to biological, agricultural and health sciences, and the third is a business version. Each course comes in a student version and a lecture version. The additional modules cover Multiple and Nonlinear Regression, Quality Control, and Simulation. Registration is required, but free. Individuals or classes can register.