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Yale Statistical Topics

This site provides definitions and examples for the following topics: Graphical displays (stemplots, histograms, boxplots, scatterplots), Numerical Summaries (mean, median, quantiles, variance, standard deviation), Normal Distributions (assessing normality, normal probability plots), Categorical Data (two-way tables, bar graphs, segmented bar graphs), Linear regression (least-squares, residuals, outliers and influential observations, extrapolation), Correlation (correlation coefficient, rŒ_), Inference in Linear Regression (confidence intervals for intercept and slope, significance tests, mean response and prediction intervals), Multiple Linear Regression (confidence intervals, tests of significance, squared multiple correlation), ANOVA for Regression (analysis of variance calculations for simple and multiple regression, F statistics), Experimental Design (experimentation, control, randomization, replication), Sampling (simple, stratified, and multistage random sampling), Sampling in Statistical Inference (sampling distributions, bias, variability), Probability Models (components of probability models, basic rules of probability), Conditional Probability (probabilities of intersections of events, Bayes' formula), Random variables (discrete, continuous, density function), Mean and Variance of Random Variables (definitions, properties), Binomial Distributions (counts, proportions, normal approximation), Sample Means (mean, variance, distribution, Central Limit Theorem), Confidence Intervals (inference about population mean, z and t critical values), Tests of Significance (null and alternative hypotheses for population mean, one-sided and two-sided z and t tests, levels of significance, matched pairs analysis), Comparison of Two Means (confidence intervals and significance tests, z and t statistics, pooled t procedures), Inference for Categorical Data (confidence intervals and significance tests for a single proportion, comparison of two proportions), Chi-square Goodness of Fit Test (chi-square test statistics, tests for discrete and continuous distributions), Two-Way tables and the Chi-Square test (categorical data analysis for two variables, tests of association).
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Author Name: 
Michelle Lacey
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Intended User Role: 
Learner, Teacher
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Free for All

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