# Simulation

• ### **National Library of Virtual Manipulatives: Scatterplot

This Java Applet of a scatterplot allows you to enter data, move data points, define the range of values, and view graph value information.
• ### Probability, Genetics and the Human Condition

This is a three day lesson plan. The first day is an introduction to concepts in probability. The second day is an application of probability in the field of genetics. The third day is a time for students to expand their understanding of probability and genetics via short research project. The site includes resources, advice, and notes to the teacher. Probability topics include: law of large numbers, simple and compound events, sample size, sample space, and more.
• ### Explorations for the Area Probability Applet

This website provides the URL of a Java applet and steps for using it. Here, students can manipulate the size of the circle and the rectangle to explore the probability that a point in the rectangle is also in the circle.

This activity addresses the concept of sample space. It provides a multi-step procedure and three handouts, which accompany the activity. It addresses events and the availability misconception as well as grouping and forming committees.
• ### Time-Axis Fallacy and Bayes Theorem

This site provides an outline of an activity for introducing Bayes' Theorem and conditional probability.
• ### The Birthday Problem

This lesson is based on Lawrence Lesser's article that describes the set-up of the spreadsheet simulation and Cindia Stewart's lesson that seeks to answer the Birthday Problem using three different methods. Probability topics include: Sample Size, Law of Large Numbers, Complementary Probabilities, Independence of Events
• ### High Exposure

This probability activity discusses the differences among various kinds of studies and which types of inferences can legitimately be drawn from each, as well as how sample statistics reflect the values of population parameters and use sampling distributions as the basis for informal inference. The procedure and assessment are provided.
• ### Law of Large Numbers-Hospital

This activity discusses probability topics, such as: sample space, independent events, Law of Large Numbers, deviation percentage. A Excel program is required for this activity, which can be reached via the website.
• ### Spinning Wheel

This activity uses a computer program to explore probability concepts such as sample space, independent events, law of large numbers, and reliability. An outline of the activity and the computer program are provided.
• ### Lucky Number

This activity uses Microsoft Excel for a simulation of probability concepts. The Excel file and handouts are provided. Students will explore the concept of independent events, sample spaces, equally likely probabilities, and percentages within the context of this simulation.