# Simulation

• ### Song: The P-value Polka

Song consists of the meaning of a p-value. May be sung to the tune of "Roll out the Barrel" (Lew Brown, Wladimir A. Timm, Vasek Zeman and Jaromir Vejvoda). Musical accompaniment realization and vocals are by Joshua Lintz from University of Texas at El Paso.
• ### Song: Scientific Method Blues

Song is an informal overview introducing the conceptual steps of the scientific method. Recorded on the CD "Science Songs and Stories For the Big Questions", available at www.kathleencarroll.com.
• ### Cartoon: Beethoven's unfinished work

A cartoon that can be used in teaching about pie charts. Cartoon by John Landers (www.landers.co.uk) based on an idea from Dennis Pearl (The Ohio State University). Free to use in the classroom and on course web sites.
• ### Song: Statisfaction

Song playfully depicts a college student struggling to master statistics at the hands of authority figures. May be sung to the tune of "Satisfaction" (Mick Jagger, Keith Richards).
• ### Sampling Distributions of the Sample Mean: A Fathom Project

During this simulation activity, students generate sampling distributions of the sample mean for n = 5 and n = 50 with Fathom 2 and use these distributions to confirm the Central Limit Theorem. Students sample from a large population of randomly selected pennies. Given that the variable of interest is the age of the pennies, which has a geometric distribution, this is a particularly convincing demonstration of the Central Limit Theorem in action. This activity includes detailed instructions on how to use Fathom to generate sampling distributions. The author will provide the Fathom data file upon request.
• ### Three Graphs to Promote Statistical Literacy

This paper presents three graphs that are used in teaching students majoring in business and the humanities. These graphs show the influence of confounding, the meaning of statistical significance, and the influence of confounding on statistical significance.
• ### STATISTICAL LITERACY: READING TABLES OF RATES AND PERCENTAGES

This paper presents rules for determining whether an index variable in such a table is part or whole depending on whether the associated margin value is an average, a sum or a 100% sum. Tables with missing margin values -- date-indexed tables, half tables and control tables -- are analyzed. Recommendations are made to improve reader understanding of any table involving rates or percentages.
• ### Correlation, Determination, and Causality In Introductory Statistics

This article discusses teaching causality without being discipline specific. It explains the causal differences between description, prediction and explanation.
• ### Reading and Interpreting Tables and Graphs Involving Rates and Percentages

This survey assesses statistical literacy. The survey focuses on the general use of informal statistics in everyday situations: reading and interpreting tables and graphs involving rates and percentages.
• ### Virtual Manipulative: Box Plot

This is a Java Applet, which allows you to load your personal data and edit data. It provides interval and endpoint values and the option to view as a histogram.