# Sampling & Survey Issues

• ### Statistics and Probability Tutorial

This tutorial provides a basic introduction to many topics in statistics and probability. Topics include: Sets and subsets, Statistical experiments, Counting, Basic probability rules, Bayes' theorem, Probability distributions, Discrete vs. Continuous, Binomial, Negative Binomial, Hypergeometric, Multinomial, Poisson, Normal, Sampling theory, Central tendency, Variability, Sampling distributions, t Distribution, Chi-Square Distribution, F Distribution, Estimation problems, Hypothesis testing, Power, Survey sampling, Simple random samples, Stratified samples, Cluster samples, Sample size.
• ### Race and Changing Household Structure

The textbook for this course discusses cross-cultural variations in household structure, as well as changes across time in household structure in the United States. The purpose of this exercise is to examine variations in household structure in the United States according to race and historical period. By the end of the exercise students should have a better appreciation of the fact that household structure in the U.S. is very fluid and that changes over time in household structure have not progressed uniformly for all race groups.
• ### Song: The Statistics Song

Song encourages critical thinking about how surveys are conducted and presented in the media. Published at www.tomsnyder.com/products/productextras/SCISCI/statisticslyrics.html
• ### Song: Taking Leave of Our Census (You Fill Out the Census)

The song summarizes the controversy about statistically adjusting the United States decennial census for undercount. May be sung to the tune of "Annie's Song" (John Denver). Appeared in Autumn 2001 "Teaching Statistics" and Winter 2002 "STATS". Recorded June 26, 2009 at the OSU Whisper Room: Larry Lesser, vocals/guitar; Justin Slauson, engineer.
• ### Song: Standard Score

Song is simply a quick jingle to help students recall the conceptual interpretation of a standard score (or, z-score), which in turn should help make sense of the formula. May be sung to tune of "Row, Row, Row Your Boat". Recorded June 26, 2009 at the OSU Whisper Room: Larry Lesser, vocals/guitar; Justin Slauson, engineer.
• ### Song: What P-Value Means

Song is simply a quick jingle to help students recall the conceptual interpretation of a p-value. May be sung to tune of "Row, Row, Row Your Boat". Recorded June 26, 2009 at the OSU Whisper Room: Larry Lesser, vocals/guitar; Justin Slauson, engineer. This song is part of an NSF-funded library of interactive songs that involved students creating responses to prompts that are then included in the lyrics (see www.causeweb.org/smiles for the interactive version of the song, a short reading covering the topic, and an assessment item).

• ### Data Collection: U.S. Retail Gasoline Prices

This Department of Energy website provides weekly average gasoline prices for several regions, states and cities. The averages are produced from a weekly survey of around 800 retail gasoline stations. The site includes information on data collection methods, survey methodology and historical data.
• ### Exploring Relationships in Body Dimensions

This article presents a dataset containing physical measurements for 507 physically active individuals. These data can be used to demonstrate simple descriptive statistics, least squares and multiple regression, or discriminant and classification analysis. The data are in .dat format.
• ### Song: It's Only Just a Poll (But I Like It)

Song addresses the value of a scientific poll. May be sung to the tune of the Rolling Stones' hit "It's Only Rock 'N Roll (But I Like It)" by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards. Musical accompaniment realizationare by Joshua Lintz and vocals are by Mariana Sandoval from University of Texas at El Paso.

• ### Outliers

A short discussion of what outliers are and their helpfulness in analyzing data.