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Multivariate Categorical Relationships

  • This paper comes from researchers at the NASA Langley Research Center and College of William & Mary.  

    "The experience of retinex image processing has prompted us to reconsider fundamental aspects of imaging and image processing. Foremost is the idea that a good visual representation requires a non-linear transformation of the recorded (approximately linear) image data. Further, this transformation appears to converge on a specific distribution. Here we investigate the connection between numerical and visual phenomena. Specifically the questions explored are: (1) Is there a well-defined consistent statistical character associated with good visual representations? (2) Does there exist an ideal visual image? And (3) what are its statistical properties?"

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  • The Student Dust Counter is an instrument aboard the NASA New Horizons mission to Pluto, launched in 2006. As it travels to Pluto and beyond, SDC will provide information on the dust that strikes the spacecraft during its 14-year journey across the solar system. These observations will advance human understanding of the origin and evolution of our own solar system, as well as help scientists study planet formation in dust disks around other stars. 

    In this lesson, students learn the concepts of averages, standard deviation from the mean, and error analysis. Students explore the concept of standard deviation from the mean before using the Student Dust Counter data to determine the issues associated with taking data, including error and noise. Questions are deliberately open-ended to encourage exploration.

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  • The Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory allows astronauts an atmosphere resembling zero gravity (weightlessness) in order to train for missions involving spacewalks. In this activity, students will evaluate pressures experienced by astronauts and scuba divers who assist them while training in the NBL.  This lesson addresses correlation, regression, residuals, inerpreting graphs, and making predictions.

    NASA's Math and Science @ Work project provides challenging supplemental problems for students in advanced science, technology, engineering and mathematics, or STEM classes including Physics, Calculus, Biology, Chemistry and Statistics, along with problems for advanced courses in U.S. History and Human Geography.

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  • This presentation is a part of a series of lessons on the Analysis of Categorical Data.  This lecture overs the following: covariance patterns and generalized estimating equations (GEE). 

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  • This presentation is a part of a series of lessons on the Analysis of Categorical Data.  This lecture overs the following:  odds ratio, dependent proportion, marginal homogeneity, McNemar's Test, marginal homogeneity for greater than 2 levels, measures of agreement, and the kappa coefficient (weighted vs. unweighted).

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  • This presentation is a part of a series of lessons on the Analysis of Categorical Data. This lecture covers the following: sparse tables, sampling zeros, structural zeros, and log-linear model (and limitations).

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  • This presentation is a part of a series of lessons on the Analysis of Categorical Data. This lecture covers the following: partial/conditional tables, confounding, types of independence (mutual, joint, marginal, and conditional), identifiability constraints, partial odds ratios, hierarchical log-linear model, pairwise interaction log-linear model, conditional independence log-linear model, goodness of fit, and model building.

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  • This presentation is a part of a series of lessons on the Analysis of Categorical Data. This lecture covers the following: maximum likelihood estimation for logistic regression, sample size requirements for approximate normality of the MLE’s, confidence intervals, likelihood ratio statistic, score test statistic, deviance, Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistic, the Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic, parameter estimates, scaled/unscaled estimates, residuals, grouped binomials, and model building strategies.

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  • This presentation is a part of a series of lessons on the Analysis of Categorical Data. This lecture covers the following: Mantel-Haenszel estimator of common odds ratio, confounding in logistic regression, univariate/multivariate analysis, bias vs. variance, and simulations.

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  • Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of human disease and health outcomes, and the application of methods to improve human health. This course examines the methods used in epidemiologic research, including the design of epidemiologic studies and the collection and analysis of epidemiological data.  Perfect for students and teachers wanting to learn/acquire materials for this topic.

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