• ### Introduction to Descriptive Statistics

This tutorial introduces mean, median, mode, variance, and standard deviation using sports statistics from the Internet and class-generated statistics. Students should understand stem-and-leaf plots before using this tutorial. This material is intended for class use. Excel spreadsheets with sample data are also available for download. The relation links to a letter for teachers.
• ### Glossary of Statistical Terms

This glossary defines and explains statistical terms for introductory students. The glossary can be shown in alphabetical order or in suggested learning order. Click on the topic of interest to see the definition. Use the arrows at the bottom to proceed to the next topic or click the blue dot to return to the contents page.
• ### Virtual Manipulative: Box Plot

This is a Java Applet, which allows you to load your personal data and edit data. It provides interval and endpoint values and the option to view as a histogram.
• ### Drawing One and Two Playing Cards With Replacement

This activity uses Microsoft Excel and a deck of playing cards to gain experience with probability concepts. Students will discuss independent events, sample spaces, equally likely probabilities, probability of the intersection of two independent events, probability of the union of two events, percentages, and complements of given events within the context of these simulations. The Excel file and handouts are provided.
• ### Dataset Example: Morse Code, Scrabble, and the Alphabet

This article provides a data collection and analysis activity for illustrating simple linear regression and outlier analysis. The activity was designed to involve students in the process of data collection and to motivate studying the relationship between two quantitative variables. Students collect data on occurrences of letters in English text. These data are used to study the relationships between how often a letter occurs in English text, and: (1) the letter's Morse Code units and (2) the relative frequency of Scrabbleä‹¢ game tiles for the letter. Worksheets and answers to the activities are provided.
• ### Dataset Example: Pricing the C's of Diamond Stones

This article describes a dataset containing information on 308 diamond stones, which is useful when studying concepts in multiple linear regression analysis. Key Words: Categorical variables; Data transformation; Standardized residuals.
• ### Dataset Example: A Dataset that is 44% Outliers

This article describes a dataset of days in office of US Presidents with outliers that are not mistakes or unusually high or low observations. The data illustrate that outliers need not be errors but could be particularly interesting cases and that data displays may differ in their ability to reveal interesting data structure. Key Words: Inliers; Interpretation in context.
• ### Data Collection: Data Matters with Excel: Estimating Population Variance

This activity uses Microsoft Excel to estimate the population variance of grouped data two ways: the variance within a group and the variance between groups. This activity accompanies Section 7.3 of Data Matters.
• ### What Makes the Standard Deviation Larger or Smaller? (Star Library)

The activity is designed to help students develop a better intuitive understanding of what is meant by variability in statistics. Emphasis is placed on the standard deviation as a measure of variability. As they learn about the standard deviation, many students focus on the variability of bar heights in a histogram when asked to compare the variability of two distributions. For these students, variability refers to the "variation" in bar heights. Other students may focus only on the range of values, or the number of bars in a histogram, and conclude that two distributions are identical in variability even when it is clearly not the case. This activity can help students discover that the standard deviation is a measure of the density of values about the mean of a distribution and to become more aware of how clusters, gaps, and extreme values affect the standard deviation. Key words: Variability, standard deviation

• ### Dataset Example: DIG Stats: Fruitfly Activity

In this activity, students will perform an ANOVA to determine if the longevity of male fruitflies is related to their reproductive cycle. The dataset contains longevity (in days) of male fruitflies in 5 groups: Alone, 1 Interested Female, 8 Interested Females, 1 Uninterested Female, 8 Uninterested Females. Questions about the exercise and links to Excel and TI-83 instructions are given. The data exist in Excel, TI-83, and text formats.