# Resource Library

#### Statistical Topic

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• ### Data Collection: Statistical Datasets from UMASS

"The purpose of this electronic service is to provide access to a collection of datasets suitable for teaching statistics. The datasets are stored either locally or on other computers throughout the world. The datasets have been organized by statistical technique to make it easier for you to find a dataset appropriate for your pedagogical needs. When a dataset is appropriate for several statistical techniques, it will appear under several categories. Each dataset consists of three files: one is a description of the data; the others are an ascii (text) file of the data and an Excel file of the data."
• ### Statistics: Basic Concepts for Astronomers

This presentation was given by Aneta Siemiginowska at the 4th International X-ray Astronomy School (2005), held at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, MA.

• ### Analysis Tool: The Confidence Interval for Two Independent Proportions

This page will calculate the lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the difference between two independent proportions, according to two methods described by Robert Newcombe, both derived from a procedure outlined by E.B.Wilson in 1927. The first method uses the Wilson procedure without a correction for continuity; the second uses the Wilson procedure with a correction for continuity.

• ### Analysis Tool: Estimating the Population Value of rho

This page will perform the procedure for up to k=12 sample values of r, with a minimum of k=2. It will also perform a chi-square test for the homogeneity of the k values of r, with df=k-1. The several values of r can be regarded as coming from the same population only if the observed chi-square value proves the be non-significant.

• ### The Kruskal-Wallis Test for 3 or More Independent Samples

This chapter of the "Concepts and Applications of Inferential Statistics" online textbook describes in detail the Kruskal-Wallis test, it's formulas, variables, and procedures using an example involving wine-tasters.

• ### Kolmogorov-Smirnov One-Sample Test Calculator

This page performs a Kolmogorov-Smirnov "Goodness of Fit" test for categorical data. Users enter observed frequencies and expected frequencies for up to 8 mutually exclusive categories. The applet returns the critical values for the .05 and .01 levels of significance.

• ### Analysis Tool: McNemar's Test (Significance of Difference between Correlated Proportions)

Calculates the z-ratio and associated one-tail and two-tail probabilities for the difference between two correlated proportions, such as might be found in the case where the proportions are based on the same sample of subjects or on matched samples.

• ### Analysis Tool: Significance of Difference Between Independent Proportions

Calculates the z-ratio and associated one-tail and two-tail probabilities for the difference between two independent proportions.

• ### Analysis Tool: Significance of Difference Between Correlation Coefficients

Using the Fisher r-to-z transformation, this page will calculate a value of z that can be applied to assess the significance of the difference between two correlation coefficients, r_a and r_b, found in two independent samples. If r_a is greater than r_b, the resulting value of z will have a positive sign; if r_a is smaller than r_b, the sign of z will be negative.

• ### Analysis Tool: The Confidence Interval of rho (Multiple Regression)

This page will calculate the 0.95 and 0.99 confidence intervals for rho, based on the Fisher r-to-z transformation. To perform the calculations, enter the values of r and n in the designated places, then click the "Calculate" button. Note that the confidence interval of rho is symmetrical around the observed r only with large values of n.