Effects of innovation versus efficiency tasks on collaboration and learning.


Authors: 
Sears, D. A.
Editors: 
Schwartz, D. L.
Category: 
Pages: 
Online
Year: 
2006
Publisher: 
Stanford University.
URL: 
http://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~iase/publications/dissertations/06.Sears.Dissertation.pdf
Abstract: 

Innovation and efficiency were examined for their effects on collaboration and learning in two experiments with university students. From the first experiment, the Innovation task promoted more knowledge-sharing behaviors than the Efficiency task. In the second experiment (built from the first experiment), participants learned about the Chi-square formula and their understanding of it was assessed with basic calculation questions, comprehension questions, and difficult transfer problems. As part of the transfer problems, a preparation for future learning (PFL) assessment was used to measure participants' ability to adapt their knowledge of the chi-square formula (Bransford & Schwartz, 1999). Participants in the Innovation condition scored significantly higher on the transfer problems, and Innovation dyads showed he greatest performance on the target PFL question.

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